Occurrence of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in anurans of the Mediterranean region of Baja California, Mexico

Authors: A Peralta-Garcia; A J Adams; P Galina-Tessaro; C J Briggs; J Valdez-Villavicencio; B Hollingsworth; H B Shaffer; R N Fisher
Contribution Number: 610
Abstract/Summary

Chytridiomycosis is caused by the fungal pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) and is regarded as one of the most significant threats to global amphibian populations. In M?xico, Bd was first reported in 2003 and has now been documented in 13 states. We visited 33 localities and swabbed 199 wild-caught anurans from seven species (five native, two exotic) across the Mediterranean region of the state of Baja California. Using quantitative PCR, Bd was detected in 94 individuals (47.2% of samples) at 25 of the 33 survey localities for five native and one exotic frog species. Only the non-native Xenopus laevis tested negative for Bd. We found significant differences between mean Bd loads of different species, and that remoteness and distance to agricultural land were the best positive predictors of Bd prevalence. These are the first Bd-positive results for the state of Baja California and its presence should be regarded as an additional conservation threat to the region?s native frog species.

Publication details
Published Date:
Outlet/Publisher: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
Media Format: URL

ARMI Organizational Units:
Southwest, Southern California - Biology
Topics:
Disease; Invasive Species
Place Names:
Baja California; Mexico
Keywords:
amphibians; Bd; chytrid fungus; Chytridiomycosis; disease; parasite; PCR; qPCR
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