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A male boreal toad waits for opportunities to mate near a Colorado mountain lake Saving amphibians from a deadly fungus means acting without knowing all the answers

By: Mosher B; Gerber B; Bailey L; September 20, 2017

The calls of frogs on warm nights in the spring are a welcome sound, telling listeners that the seasons are changing and summer is coming. Today, however, ponds that once echoed with the chirps, chuckles and calls of frogs and toads are falling silent around the world.

This loss is worrying. Amphibians are the environment?s canaries in the coal mine. Their declines provide early war(...more)
Decision Science at BANWR led by Paige Howell. Interpretive sign highlighting the federally threatened Chiricahua Leopard Frog debuts at Buenos Aires National Wildlife Refuge

By: Muths E; Sigafus B; Hossack B; Howell P; August 21, 2017

An interpretive sign was installed on August 1st, 2017 near the headquarters and visitor information office at Buenos Aires National Wildlife Refuge (BANWR, Sasabe, Arizona). The sign provides information on the federally-threatened Chiricahua Leopard Frog (Lithobates chiricahuensis) and is located next to an example of typical habitat (a cienaga). In addition to the biology and behavior of(...more)
Spotted newt ARMI conducts national survey for salamander chytrid fungus

By: Waddle H; October 12, 2016

In 2016 ARMI and National Wildlife Health Center scientists conducted a nationwide sampling effort to detect the salamander chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal). Bsal is native to Asia where indigenous salamanders carry the fungus without disease symptoms. However, Bsal has been spread through human facilitation to Europe where it has been implicated in major population(...more)

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ARMI Mission Statement

In response to indications of worldwide declines in amphibian populations, the President and Congress directed Interior Department agencies to initiate a national program of amphibian monitoring, research, and conservation. There is an urgent need to determine the scope and severity of the problem and to investigate causes. The U.S. Geological Survey is uniquely qualified to coordinate and lead a cooperative national effort because its scientists have been in the forefront of studying amphibian populations and life history traits, measuring and monitoring environmental characteristics, and conducting research into potential causes of decline. As a result, the Agency formed the National Amphibian Research and Monitoring Initiative (ARMI).

ARMI Goals and Objectives

  • » Provide information to natural resource managers on the status and trends of amphibians
  • » Relate status and trends to management options at the scale of management units.
  • » Identify causes of declines.
  • » Provide essential scientific information to support effective management actions to arrest or reverse declines.

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