The eight-day interval during which amphibians first called annually at individual study wetlands across four study areas.

Authors: W J Sadinski; M Roth
Contribution Number: 674


To help determine when winter conditions were changing to spring conditions annually in our four study areas, we determined the first eight-day interval (in accordance with the scale limitations of satellite data we used to assess the presence of snow) during which the first amphibian of the season called at each of our study wetlands in those areas. To do this, we examined contour plots of summaries of all the acoustic data we collected at that site in a given year to identify the unique call signatures of individual amphibian species by date and time. When necessary due to potential confounding on a contour plot, we also examined relevant individual five-minute recordings aurally and visually to confirm whether a call occurred. When we confirmed the date of the first call we recorded in a given season, we identified the eight-day interval in which that date fell, with the first such interval beginning on January 1 of each year.

Publication details
Published Date: 2018-09-06
Outlet/Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey data release,
Media Format:

ARMI Organizational Units:
Midwest - Biology
Climate Change; Species and their Ecology
Place Names:
Minnesota; Wisconsin
amphibians; Automated Recording Units; bioacoustics; climate; methods; phenology; Soundscape; wetlands
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