The precarious persistence of the endangered Sierra Madre yellow-legged frog (Rana muscosa) in southern California

Authors: A R Backlin; C J Hitchcock; E A Gallegos; J L Yee; R N Fisher
Contribution Number: 421

http://www.werc.usgs.gov/ProductDetails.aspx?ID=4999

Abstract/Summary

We conducted surveys for the endangered Sierra Madre yellow-legged frog (Rana muscosa) throughout southern California to evaluate their current distribution and status. Surveys were conducted between 2000 and 2009 at 150 unique streams and lakes within the San Gabriel, San Bernardino, San Jacinto, and Palomar mountains of southern California. Of the 150 survey locations only nine small, geographically isolated, populations were detected across the four mountain ranges. The nine R. muscosa populations all tested positive for the amphibian chytrid fungus (Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis). Our data show that when R. muscosa is known to be present, it is highly detectable (89%) from a single visit during the frogs active season. We estimate there were only 166 adult frogs that remained in the wild in 2009. From our research, it appears that R. muscosa populations in southern California are extremely vulnerable to natural and stochastic events and may become extirpated in the near future without intervention.

Publication details
Published Date: 2013
Outlet/Publisher: Oryx - International Journal of Conservation (in press)
Media Format: .PDF

ARMI Organizational Units:
Southwest, Southern California - Biology
Topics:
Disease; Fire; Invasive Species; Management; Monitoring and Population Ecology; Species and their Ecology; Stressors
Place Names:
Angeles National Forest; California; San Bernardino National Forest; United States
Keywords:
amphibians; Bd; chytrid fungus; Chytridiomycosis; detection; distribution; extinction; fire; fish; introduced species; management; occupancy; population; restoration; T&E; threatened species; trends
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