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766 record(s) found.

Papers & Reports Habitat destruction and alteration – Historical trends and future prospects for amphibians
Authors: C K Dodd; L L Smith
Date: 2003 | Outlet: Semlitsch R, editor. Amphibian conservation. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press 94-112
Book chapter
Papers & Reports Notophthalmus perstriatus (Bishop, 1941[a]), Striped Newt
Authors: C K Dodd; D B Means; S A Johnson
Date: 2005 | Outlet: Lannoo M, editor. Amphibian declines: the conservation status of United States species. Berkeley: University of California Press 887-889
Species account
Papers & Reports The cave-associated amphibians of Great Smoky Mountains National Park – Review and monitoring
Authors: C K Dodd; M L Griffey; J D Corser
Date: 2001 | Outlet: Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society 117: 139-149
We surveyed all passages in Gregory's Cave, Great Smoky Mountains National Park, 16 times from 1998 to 2000 as part of an amphibian inventory and monitoring program. Standardized visual encounter techniques were used. Three species of salamanders and five species of frogs were observed, but only the Long-tailed Salamander and the Northern Slimy Salamander were observed beyond the twilight zone (to 45 and 87 m from the opening, respectively). Counts varied annually and monthly, with the majority of individuals being observed in April and from late summer to autumn. Larval Long-tailed Salamanders probably rarely complete metamorphosis because of limited food supplies and desiccation of breeding pools. We visited all other limestone caves within the park in addition to surveys in Gregory's Cave. The Cave Salamander and the Southern Zigzag Salamander are found only in localized, restricted habitats, that is, in caves and in limestone sinks; both are absent from Cades Cove. We provide a summary of unpublished and new occurrence records for cave-associated amphibians within the Great Smokies. Counts by themselves probably have little value in monitoring cave populations of salamanders. However, visual encounter surveys might be useful in interpreting behavior, understanding factors affecting habitat use, and in detecting trends in cave-inhabiting amphibians when used in conjunction with species richness indices over a much larger area. Biologists and resource managers must take a regional approach in order to detect trends and to monitor the status of amphibian habitat specialists, especially cave-inhabiting salamanders.
Papers & Reports Amphibian ecology and conservation: a handbook of techniques
Authors: C K Dodd; editor
Date: 2009 | Outlet: New York: Oxford University Press 556
Papers & Reports The Amphibian Research and Monitoring Initiative: Proceedings of a Symposium held in Norman, Oklahoma, USA, 2004
Authors: C K Dodd; editor
Date: 2005 | Outlet: Alytes 22: 65-167
Papers & Reports Using counts to simultaneously estimate abundance and detection probabilities in a salamander community
Authors: C K Dodd; Robert M Dorazio
Date: 2004 | Outlet: Herpetologica 60: 486-475
A critical variable in both ecological and conservation field studies is determining how many individuals of a species are present within a defined sampling area. Labor intensive techniques such as capture-mark-recapture and removal sampling may provide estimates of abundance, but there are many logistical constraints to their widespread application. Many studies on terrestrial and aquatic salamanders use counts as an index of abundance, assuming that detection remains constant while sampling. If this constancy is violated, determination of detection probabilities is critical to the accurate estimation of abundance. Recently, a model was developed that provides a statistical approach that allows abundance and detection to be estimated simultaneously from spatially and temporally replicated counts. We adapted this model to estimate these parameters for salamanders sampled over a six year period in area-constrained plots in Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Estimates of salamander abundance varied among years, but annual changes in abundance did not vary uniformly among species. Except for one species, abundance estimates were not correlated with site covariates (elevation, soil and water pH, conductivity, air and water temperature). The uncertainty in the estimates was so large as to make correlations ineffectual in predicting which covariates might influence abundance. Detection probabilities also varied among species and sometimes among years for the six species examined. We found such a high degree of variation in our counts and in estimates of detection among species, sites, and years as to cast doubt upon the appropriateness of using count data to monitor population trends using a small number of area-constrained survey plots. Still, the model provided reasonable estimates of abundance that could make it useful in estimating population size from count surveys.
Papers & Reports Changes in a northwestern Florida Gulf Coast herpetofaunal community over a 28-y period
Authors: C K Dodd; William J Barichivich; S A Johnson; J S Staiger
Date: 2007 | Outlet: American Midland Naturalist 158: 29-48
Population declines of amphibians and reptiles throughout the world have led to the initiation of projects to monitor their status and trends. Historical collections give an indication of which species occurred in an area at one time, although the ambiguity surrounding locations and environmental conditions associated with collection decreases the value of this information source. Resampling using the same general protocols can give valuable insights to changes in community structure. However, this is only feasible when sampling methodology and exact site locations are known. From 2002–2005 we resampled 12 sites in St. Marks National Wildlife Refuge in Florida's panhandle, an area in which intensive herpetological surveys were conducted in 1977–1979. We documented a general decrease in species richness among the diversely managed sites, changes in dominant species and diversity and an increasing trend toward homogeneity of the herpetofaunal community among habitats. Changes were attributed to four causes: 28-y of forest community succession, changes in management practices, non-detection of species due to variation in sampling conditions and a decrease in occupancy by four amphibians and three reptiles. The use of population and habitat-related indexes helped define possible influences on community change and can be used to target species for monitoring. Declines of these seven species are of concern, especially considering the protected status of the refuge and its increasing isolation as surrounding landscapes are converted to urbanized settings.
Papers & Reports Establishing a baseline and faunal history in amphibian monitoring programs: the amphibians of Harris Neck, Georgia, USA
Authors: C K Dodd; William J Barichivich
Date: 2007 | Outlet: Southeastern Naturalist 6: 125-134
We conducted an intensive inventory of Harris Neck National Wildlife Refuge in coastal Georgia to determine the feasibility of establishing an amphibian monitoring program at this location. Thirteen semi-aquatic amphibian species were identified at 21 locations. Amphibian species richness at Harris Neck was similar to that of nearby barrier islands. The amphibian fauna of Harris Neck has long been affected by human-induced landscape changes, including the inadvertent introduction of tadpoles from distant fish hatcheries and the creation of artificial impoundments. Land-use history provides important information necessary to understand current amphibian distribution, especially when census data are used to establish a baseline from which to monitor future status and trends.
Papers & Reports Diversity and similarity
Authors: C K Dodd
Date: 2009 | Outlet: Dodd CK Jr, editor. Amphibian ecology and conservation, a handbook of techniques. Oxford University Press 321-337
Book chapter
Papers & Reports Population manipulations
Authors: C K Dodd
Date: 2005 | Outlet: Lannoo M, editor. Amphibian declines: the conservation status of United States species. Berkeley: University of California Press 265-270
Book chapter
Papers & Reports Phaeognathus hubrichti Highton, 1961, Red Hills Salamander
Authors: C K Dodd
Date: 2005 | Outlet: Lannoo M, editor. Amphibian declines: the conservation status of United States species. Berkeley: University of California Press 785-787
Species account
Papers & Reports The amphibians of Great Smoky Mountains National Park
Authors: C K Dodd
Date: 2004 | Outlet: Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press 1-283
Papers & Reports Monitoring amphibians in Great Smoky Mountains National Park
Authors: C K Dodd
Date: 2003 | Outlet: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1258 117
Monitoring manual
Papers & Reports Review of Reptiles and Amphibians of the Smokies, by S.G. Tilley and J.E. Huheey, 2001
Authors: C K Dodd
Date: 2002 | Outlet: Herpetological Review 33: 76-77
Book review
Papers & Reports A landmark publication on the amphibians of northern Eurasia
Authors: C K Dodd
Date: 2000 | Outlet: Alytes 18: 91-94
Book review
Papers & Reports Estimated ultraviolet radiation doses in wetlands in six national parks
Authors: S Diamond; P Trenham; Michael J Adams; Blake R Hossack; R A Knapp; S L Stark; David F Bradford; P S Corn; K Czarnowski; Paul D Brooks; D Fagre; Bob Breen; N E Detenbeck; K A Tonnessen
Date: 2005-07-31 | Outlet: Ecosystems 8: 462–477
Ultraviolet-B radiation (UV-B, 280 nm to 320 nm wavelengths) doses were estimated for 1024 wetlands in six National Parks; Acadia (Acadia), Glacier (Glacier), Great Smoky Mountains (Smoky), Olympic (Olympic), Rocky Mountain (Rocky), and Sequoia/Kings Canyon (Sequoia/Kings). Estimates were made using ground-based UV-B data (Brewer spectrophotometers), solar radiation models, GIS tools, field characterization of vegetative features, and quantification of DOC concentration and spectral absorbance. UV-B dose estimates were made for the summer solstice, at a depth of 1 cm in each wetland. Mean dose across all wetlands and parks was 19.3 Whr*m-2 (range of 3.4 to 32.1 Whr*m-2). Mean dose was lowest in Acadia (13.7 Whr*m-2) and highest in Rocky (24.4 Whr*m-2). Doses were significantly different among all parks. These wetland doses correspond to UV-B flux of 125.0 W*cm-2 (range of 21.4 to 194.7 W*cm-2) based on a day length, averaged among all parks, of 15.5 hr. Dissolved organic carbon (DOC), a key determinant of subsurface UV-B flux, ranged from 0.6 (analytical detection limit) to 36.7 mg carbon * l-1 over all wetlands and parks, and reduced potential maximal UV-B doses at 1 cm depth by 1 to 87 %. DOC concentration, as well as its effect on dose, was lowest in Sequoia/Kings, and highest in Acadia (DOC was equivalent in Acadia, Glacier, and Rocky). Landscape reduction of potential maximal UV-B doses ranged from zero to 77 %, and was lowest in Sequoia/Kings. These regional differences in UV-B wetland dose illustrate the importance of considering all aspects of exposure in evaluating the potential impact of UV-B on aquatic organisms.
Papers & Reports Large-scale habitat associations of four desert anurans in Big Bend National Park, Texas.
Authors: G H Dayton; R E Jung; S Droege
Date: 2005 | Outlet: Journal of Herpetology 38: 619-627
Papers & Reports Bufo canorus Camp 1916, Yosemite Toad
Authors: C Davidson; Gary M Fellers
Date: 2005 | Outlet: Lannoo M, editor. Amphibian declines: the conservation status of United States species. Berkeley: University of California Press 400-401
Papers & Reports Fluctuations in a metapopulation of nesting Four-toed Salamanders, Hemidactylium scutatum, in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, USA, 1999-2003
Authors: J D Corser; C K Dodd
Date: 2004 | Outlet: Natural Areas Journal 24: 135-140
We tested two predictions associated with the hypothesis that certain populations of pond-breeding amphibians are structured into metapopulations using minimum relative abundance estimates of nesting four-toed salamanders (Hemidactylium scutatum Schlegel) from 11 different ponds in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Coefficients of variation (CV) for counts at individual ponds ranged from 0.25 to 1.26, and the overall mean CV at all 11 ponds was 0.34. Many pairs of ponds had negative correlations in abundance from 1999-2003, whereas others had various degrees of positive correlation (mean r = 0.29). Thus, nesting population size fluctuated semi-independently among the ponds from year to year, inferring the existence of inter-pond dispersal. The mean number of nesting females at a pond was negatively, but non-significantly, correlated (r = -0.27; P = 0.40; 10 d.f.) to the pond's isolation. Owing to physiological constraints on plethodontid salamander energetics, precipitation during the nesting season (February and March) appeared to play an important role (r = 0.78; P = 0.12; 4 d.f.) in the number of nesting females we observed. Unlike some other plethodontid salamander populations in more fragmented southern Appalachian forest ecosystems, this (meta)population within Great Smoky Mountains National Park does not appear to be declining.
Papers & Reports Decline of disjunct green salamander populations (Aneides aeneus) in the southern Appalachians
Authors: J D Corser
Date: 2001 | Outlet: Biological Conservation 97: 119-126